This project proposal focuses on Mediterranean traditional agroforestry and agri-food systems to assess their role in being practical examples of adaptation and resilience to global challenges. The proposal will study three GIAHS sites in Mediterranean countries: Italy, Morocco and Algeria. These sites are examples of agroforestry and agri-food systems developed throughout the centuries and strongly linked with the identity and culture of local communities, contributing to their incomes and wellbeing. Moreover, these systems represent humankind’s adaptation to different and complex environments, and in turn, they adapt themselves to socio-economic and environmental changes and shocks during the decades.
The three selected sites in Italy, Algeria and Morocco, are also good examples of systems based on the Mediterranean Diet, today widely recognised for its multiple health benefits and its low environmental footprint, that in 2010 has been included in the UNESCO List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.